Narration Change of Assertive Sentences 100+ Examples

Narration Change of Assertive Sentences [Direct and Indirect Speech]

Narration change of assertive sentences is a very easy matter if you know some rules of narration change or follow the right step. I have presented the rules step by step so that the readers can learn them after going through the article one time. Finally, I have given 100+ exercises with answers.

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How to Identify the Assertive Sentences

It is very easy to identify assertive sentences. If you find the below points in the sentence, you will be quite sure that the sentence is an assertive sentence.

  • The sentence will be ended with a full stop (.) mark.
  • The sentence will be started with a doer or subject.

Rules For Direct and Indirect Speech

Example:

  1. My grandfather reads the Gita in the morning.
  2. He is using my mobile phone.
  3. The headmaster has punished the student.
  4. The girl danced here.
  5. Father was reading the newspaper then.

How to Identify the “Reporting Verb” and “Reported Speech”

Reporting Verb: The part which is separated by a comma is called reporting verb.

 Example:  Badal said to Gopal, “I will sing a song.”

“Badal said to Gopal,” this part is reporting verb.

Reported Speech: The part which is under an inverted comma is called reported speech.

Example: Badal said to Gopal, “I will sing a song.”

“I will sing a song.” This part is reported speech.

Rules For Direct and Indirect Speech

Narration change of assertive sentences
Narration change of assertive sentences
Narration Change of Assertive Sentences Rules

We change the “Reporting Verb” of direct speech into indirect speech according to the tense at the time of narration change. I have mentioned the reporting verb below.

Narration change of assertive sentences

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Say

say

Says

Says

Say to

tell

Said

Said

Said to

told

[,]

that

The verbs of Direct Speech like Say to, said to are changed into tell, told. After that, we use “That” instead of the comma mark (,).

 

Example:

Direct: Dipa says, “I have finished my homework”.

Indirect: Dipa says that she has finished her homework.

Narration change of assertive sentence

Direct: They say to kamal, “You want to be a teacher.’’

Indirect: They tell kamal that he wants to be a teacher.

Direct: The students say to the teacher, “We can not understand the sum.”

Indirect: The students tell the teacher that they can not understand the sum.

 

Direct:   Santu said, “Sima is my elder sister.”

Indirect: Santu said that Sima was his elder sister.

narration change of assertive sentence

Direct: He said to me, “I should support you.”

Indirect: He told me that he should support me.

Person Change

If the subject of reported speech is first person, it indicates the subject of reporting verb.

Example:

The boy said to me, “I read in class-x.”

The boy told me that he read in class-x.

Rules For Direct and Indirect Speech

If the subject of reported speech is second person, it indicates the object of reporting verb. The person is changed flowing them.

Example:

The man said to him, “You want to purchase a mobile phone.”

The man told him that he wanted to purchase a mobile phone.

Rules For Direct and Indirect Speech

Again if the subject of reported speech is third person, it does not indicate the subject-object of reporting verb.

Example:

I said to you, “He has sold the house.”

I told you that he had sold the house.

Rules For Direct and Indirect Speech

Change of Tense in Narration

We have to change the tense of direct speech when we change direct speech into indirect speech. The rules of changing tense where to change or not to change are mentioned below step by step.

Reporting Verb Present Tense and Future Tense

If we find Present and Future Tense in reporting verb of direct speech, we do not change the tense of reported speech at the time of narration change.

 

Example:

Direct: Samir says, “I am a teacher.”

Indirect: Samir says that he is a teacher.

 

Narration change of assertive sentence

Direct: Mother says, “Coffee is ready.”

Indirect: Mother says that coffee is ready.

 

Direct: They say, “We are very glad.”

Indirect: They say that they are very glad.

 

Direct: The girl says, “The rose is very beautiful.”

Indirect: The girl says that the rose is very beautiful.

 

Direct: Ram says, “I am playing football.”

Indirect: Ram says that he is playing football.

 

Direct: Kiran says, “I had a good storybook.”

Indirect: Kiran says that he had a good storybook.

 

Direct: Rahit says, “Tarun is writing a mail.”

Indirect: Rahit says that Tarun is writing a mail.

Direct: We say, “They are not coming here.”

Indirect: We say that they are not coming here.

Direct: Deba will say, “I want to be a teacher.”

Indirect: Deba will say that he wants to be a teacher.

narration change

Direct: Laxmi will say, “I am driving a car.”

Indirect: Laxmi will say that she is driving a car.

 

Direct: The boy will say, “I was present in the meeting.”

Indirect: The boy will say that he was present in the meeting.

 

Direct: Samir will say, “I can play football.”

Indirect: Samir will say that he can play football.

 

Direct: Tapas will say, “It was a very hot day.”

Indirect: Tapas will say that it was a very hot day.

 

Direct:  She will say to me, “I am always ready to help you.”

Indirect: She will tell me that she is always ready to help me.

 

Narration change of assertive sentences

Reporting Verb Past Tense and Reported Speech Universal Truth and Habitual Fact

If the reported speech is past tense and we find a universal truth and the habitual fact we can not change the tense of the reported speech.

Example:

Direct: Father said, “The sun rises in the east.”

Indirect: Father said that the sun rises in the east.

direct and indirect

Direct: Ramen said, “I walk for half an hour every morning.’’

Indirect: Ramen said that he walks for half an hour every morning.

 

Direct: He said, “My grandfather reads the Mahabharata daily.’’

Indirect: He said that his grandfather reads the Mahabharata daily.

Direct: You said, “Time and tide waits for no man.”

Indirect: You said that time and tide waits for no man.

 

Direct: She said, “I walk in the morning daily.”

Indirect: She said that she walks in the morning daily.

 

Direct: My grandfather said, “Three and three make six.”

Indirect: My grandfather said that there and three make six.

 

Direct: Our madam said, “The earth is round.”

Indirect: Our madam said that the earth is round.

 

Direct: Your father said, “Honesty is the best policy.”

Indirect: Your father said that honesty is the best policy.

 

Direct: The teacher said, “The earth moves round the sun.”

Indirect: The teacher said the earth moves round the sun.

 

Direct: My grandfather said, “Labour never goes in vain.”

Indirect: My grandfather said labour never goes in vain.

 

Direct: The man said, “The sun rises in the east.”

Indirect: The man said that the sun rises in the east.

 

Direct: Grandmother said, “God is great.”

Indirect: Grandmother said that God is great.

 

Direct: People said, “Netaji was a great leader.”

Indirect: People said that Netaji was a great leader.

 

Reporting Verb Past Tense and Reported Speech More Than Two Past Tense

If we find two or more than two past indefinite tenses in the direct narration, those sentences remain unchanged.

Example:

Direct: The grandfather said, “My daughter was good and kind and she respected everyone.”

Indirect: The grandfather said that his daughter was good and kind and she respected everyone.

narration

Direct: Bikash said, “I went to market, bought bananas came back home.”

Indirect: Bikash said that he went to market, bought bananas came back home.

Reporting Verb Past Tense and Reported Speech Present/ Past and Future Tense

If we find reporting verb Past Tense and reported speech Present/ Past/ Future Tense in the direct speech, we change Tense at the time of narration change. I have shown the changing of tense in the table below.

Narration change of assertive sentences

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present indefinite

Past indefinite

Present continuous

Past continuous

Perfect

Past perfect

Perfect Continuous

Past perfect continuous

Simple past

Past perfect

Past continuous

Past perfect continuous

Past perfect

Past perfect

Past perfect continuous

Past perfect continuous

Future (Shall/Will)

Past (Should/Would)

Example:

Direct: Tinku said, “Zia sings very well.”

Indirect: Tinku said that Zia sang very well.

 

narration

Direct: He said, “I am reading now.”

Indirect: He said that he was reading then.

 

Direct: Bina said, “Rekha has written the letter.”

Indirect: Bina said that Rekha had written the letter.

 

Direct: They said, “We have been eating ice cream for an hour.”

Indirect: They said that they had been eating ice cream for an hour.

Direct: She said, “I saw a tiger.”

Indirect: She said that she had seen a tiger. 

Direct: My sister said, “Kamala was catching fish in the pond.”

Indirect: My sister said that Kamala had been catching fish in the pond.

 

Direct: She said, “My mother had made tea.”

Indirect: She said that her mother had made tea.

 

Direct: He said, “My father had been driving a car since morning.”

Indirect: He said that his father had been driving a car since morning.

 

Direct: Aunt said, “Sima will cook mutton.”

Indirect: Aunt said that Sima would cook mutton.

 

Direct: They said, “We shall have done our duty.”

Indirect: They said that they should have done their duty.

 

 

100+ Exercises of Narration Change

Narration change of assertive sentences 

  1. Rita said to me, “I may go to your house in the evening.”
  2. Our headmaster said, “We should plant trees.”
  3. Jiban said, “I must reach Kolkata tonight.”
  4. We said, “Partha would participate in the function.”
  5. Nayan says, “I am well.”
  6. The teacher says, “Shyam is the best boy in the class.”
  7. Madan says to Ramen, “I am a good singer.”
  8. Sonu says to Munna, “You are a great leader.”
  9. They say to me, “You have passed the exam.”
  10. Sandhya says to Sangita, “I am an honest doctor.”
  11. Aditya says to Amit, “I have done the work.”
  12. Binay says to Karim, “I want to be a doctor.”
  13. Rana says to Susmita, “You are a good girl.”
  14. We say to him, “We want justice.”
  15. He always says, “I have done the work.”
  16. He says, “I am sick.”
  17. Kajal will say to Geeta, “I miss you.”
  18. Priya will say to you, “I can love anyone without you.”
  19. Ranjit will say to the madam, “I must read English newspaper daily.”
  20. She will say to you, “I visited the Tajmahal.”
  21. He will say to me, “I am not angry with you.”
  22. Sumon will say, “I have met him at his house.”
  23. Mony said, “These mangoes are rotten.”
  24. Baban said, “I am a businessman.”
  25. Hena said, “I am a teacher.”
  26. Mina said, “The girl is here.”
  27. Rina said, “I am busy.”
  28. Wasim said, “We are ready.”
  29. Tusu said, “My father reads the newspaper daily.”
  30. Munni said, “My brother likes to play football.”
  31. He said, “I went to see that.”
  32. Nawaz said, “Rupam sings a sweet song.”
  33. He said, “I know him.”
  34. Nurul said, “Silpa knows English very well.”
  35. They said, “We are going to Kolkata.”
  36. Hari said, “I am playing cricket.”
  37. He said, “You are talking loudly.”
  38. Soma said, “I am not going now.”
  39. Priyanka said, “Katrina is catching fish.”
  40. Roma said, “Sonu is singing a song.”
  41. Dolly said, “Dona has done it.”
  42. He said, “I have killed a bird.”
  43. He said, “The tiger has killed a deer.”
  44. She said, “I have drawn a picture.”
  45. He said, “Nabin returned at night.”
  46. He said, “Nur spoke very good English.”
  47. Tia said, “Tuni broke a glass.”
  48. Sabir said, “Samir ate ten mangoes.”
  49. She said, “I saw a bird.”
  50. They said, “We arranged many meetings.”
  51. He said, “They were playing basketball.”
  52. Tamal said, “I was doing the sum.”
  53. Tapas said, “My sister was going to school.”
  54. The teacher said, “Madhu will fail.”
  55. Soniya said, “My younger sister was flying kite.”
  56. They said, “We will win the match.”
  57. I said, “I shall try to give the money.”
  58. You said, “I shall not buy the book.”
  59. Gourab said, “Tumpa will write a note.”
  60. We said, “We shall pluck the mangoes.”
  61. We said, “Sachin will hit a four.”
  62. The student said, “I shall dance on the stage.”
  63. I said, “Rupali will sell her mobile phone.”
  64. I said, “I can write English.”
  65. Sourave said, “India may win the match.”
  66. The teacher said, “Ranjan may pass the exam.”
  67. I said, “I can solve this problem.”
  68. My father said to mother, “Raju may qualify the interview.”
  69. He said, “We must love our country.”
  70. The teacher said, “We must respect our parents.”
  71. My grandmother said, “You must obey your teachers.”
  72. The traffic police said to the driver, “You must follow the traffic rules.”
  73. She said, “All must love our national flag.”
  74. He said, “I must help you.”
  75. My sister said, “I must pass the exam.”
  76. The student said, “I must buy a new pen today.”
  77. We said, “They must learn english within six months.”
  78. She said to me, “You have made a great mistake in your statement.”
  79. Rahit said, “I have completed it wisely.”
  80. The lady said, “I am not able to finish my work this night.”
  81. The girl said to him, “I shall not play cricket.”
  82. Mina said, “I am very busy now.”
  83. She said, “I am writing a note.”
  84. She said to me, “You ought to help the poor.”
  85. He said to me, “I myself wash my clothes now.”
  86. He said, “I am ready to work for our society.”
  87. He said, “I have not yet finished my work.”
  88. You will say to him, “You are my best friend.”
  89. History says, “War only kills and destroys.”
  90. The doctor said to people, “AIDS is a fatal disease.”
  91. Farmers say, “The rainy season is a blessing to us.”
  92. Kiran says, “I had a good storybook.”
  93. Bikash said, “I went to market, bought banana came back home.”
  94. He said, “I am reading now.”
  95. Grandmother said, “God is great.”
  96. The girl says, “The rose is very beautiful.”
  97. Your father said, “Honesty is the best policy.”
  98. He said, “I am ready to work for our country.”
  99. Joy said to Meera, “I hate you.”
  100. We said, “We shall pluck the flowers.”

Answer of Exercises Narration Change

Narration change of assertive sentences

  1. Rita told me that he might go to your house in the evening.
  2. Our headmaster said that they should have planted trees.
  3. Jiban said that he has to reach Kolkata that night.
  4. We said that Partha would have participated in the function.
  5. Nayan says that he is well.
  6. The teacher says that Shyam is the best boy in the class.
  7. Madan tells Ramen that he (Madan) is a good singer.
  8. Sonu tells Muna that he (Munna) is a great leader.
  9. They tell me that I have passed the exam.
  10. Sandhya tells Sangita that she (Sandhya) is an honest doctor.
  11. Aditya tells Amit that he (Aditya) has done the work.
  12. Binay tells Karim that he (Binay) want to be a doctor.
  13. Rana says Susmita that she (Susmita) is a good girl.
  14. We tell him that we want justice.
  15. He always says that he has done the work.
  16. He says that he is sick.
  17. Kjal will tell Geeta that he (Kaja) misses her.
  18. Priya will tell you that she (Priya) can love anyone without you.
  19. Ranjit will tell the madam that he (Ranjit) must read English newspapers daily.
  20. She will tell you that she visited the Tajmahal.
  21. He will tell me that he was not angry with me.
  22. Sumon will say that he have met him at his house.
  23. Mony said that those mangoes were rotten.
  24. Baban said that he was a businessman.
  25. Hena said that she was a teacher.
  26. Mina said that the girl was there.
  27. Rina said that she was busy.
  28. Wasim said that they were ready.
  29. Tusu said her father read newspaper daily.
  30. Munni said her brother liked to play football.
  31. He said that he had gone to see that.
  32. Nawaz said that Rupam sang a song.
  33. He said that he knew him.
  34. Nurul said that Silpa knew English very well.
  35. They said they were going to Kolkata.
  36. Hari said that he was playing cricket.
  37. He said that you were talking loudly.
  38. Soma said that she is not going then.
  39. Priyanka said that Katrina was catching fish.
  40. Roma said that Sonu was singing a song.
  41. Dolly said that Dona had done it.
  42. He said that he had killed a bird.
  43. He said that the tiger had killed a deer.
  44. She said that she had drawn a picture.
  45. He said that Nabin had returned at night.
  46. He said that Nur had spoken very good English.
  47. Tia said that Tuni had broken a glass.
  48. Sabir said that Samir had eaten ten mangoes.
  49. She said that she had seen a bird.
  50. They said that they had arranged many meetings.
  51. He said that they had been playing basketball.
  52. Tamal said that he had been doing the sum.
  53. Tapas said that his sister had been going to school.
  54. Soniya said that his younger sister had been flying kite.
  55. The teacher said that Madhu would fail.
  56. They said that they would win the match.
  57. I said that I should try to give the money.
  58. You said that you should not buy the book.
  59. Gourab said that Tumpa would write a note.
  60. We said that we should pluck the mangoes.
  61. I said that Rupali would sell her mobile phone.
  62. We said that Sachin would hit a four.
  63. The student said that he should dance on the stage.
  64. I said that I could write English.
  65. Sourave said that India might win the match.
  66. The teacher said that Ranjan might pass the exam.
  67. I said that I could solve that problem.
  68. My father told mother that Raju might qualify the interview.
  69. He said that they have to love their country.
  70. The teacher said that they have to respect their parents.
  71. My grandmother said that you have to obey your teachers.
  72. The traffic police told the driver that he has to follow the traffic rules.
  73. She said that all have to love their national flag.
  74. He said that he has to help you.
  75. My sister said that she has to pass the exam.
  76. The student said that he has to buy a new pen that day.
  77. We said that they have to learn english within six months.
  78. She told me that I had made a great mistake in my statement.
  79. Rahit said that he had completed it wisely.
  80. The lady said that she was not able to finish her work that night.
  81. The girl told him that she should not play cricket.
  82. Mina said that she was very busy then.
  83. She said that she was writing a note.
  84. She told me that I ought to have helped the poor.
  85. He told me that he himself washed his clothes then.
  86. He said that he was ready to work for their society.
  87. He said that he had not yet finished his work.
  88. You will tell him he is your best friend.
  89. History says that war only kills and destroys.
  90. The doctor told people that AIDA is a fatal disease.
  91. Farmers say that the rainy season is a blessing to them.
  92. Kiran says that he had a good storybook.
  93. Bikash said that he went to market, bought bananas came back home.
  94. He said that he was reading then.
  95. Grandmother said that God is great.
  96. The girl says that the rose is very beautiful.
  97. Your father said that honesty is the best policy.
  98. He said that he was ready to work for our country.
  99. Joy told Meera that he hated her.
  100. We said that we shall pluck the flowers in the morning.

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