TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCES [ASSERTIVE TO INTERROGATIVE]

Interchange of Assertive and Interrogative Sentences

Transformation of Sentences [Assertive to Interrogative], Read in Bangla

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Assertive ————————————————–Interrogative

  •    If the auxiliary or helping verb is not available. —— Using Do/Does/Did

If we find that there is no helping verb in the assertive sentence, we will write an interrogative sentence using “Do/Does/Did”.

FOR EXAMPLE:

Assertive: They play cricket.

Interrogative: Do they not play cricket?

Assertive: Manaj reads English newspapers.

Interrogative: Does not Manaj read English newspapers?

Assertive: He went to market.

Interrogative: Did he not go to market?

  • Never  ————————————– Ever

If we find the word “Never” in the assertive sentence, we will write the word “Ever” instead of that word [Never] at the time of the interrogative sentence.

FOR EXAMPLE:

Assertive: Ranjan never takes tea.

Interrogative: Does Ranjan ever take tea?

Assertive: She never loved me.

Interrogative: Did she love me?

Assertive: You can never forget her.

Interrogative: Can you ever forget her?

  •  Nothing   ————————————  Anything

If we find the word “Nothing” in the assertive sentence, we will write the word “Anything” instead of that word [Nothing] at the time of the interrogative sentence.

FOR EXAMPLE:

Assertive: He said nothing about this matter.

Interrogative: Did he say anything about this matter?

Assertive: I have nothing to do.

Interrogative: Have you anything to do?

Assertive: There is nothing better than honesty.

Interrogative: Is there anything better than honesty?

  •  Nothing but —————————————Anything but/ what

If we find “Nothing but” in the assertive sentence, we will write “Anything but” or use “What” instead of [Nothing but] at the time of the interrogative sentence.

FOR EXAMPLE:

Assertive: Our life is nothing but a walking shadow.

Interrogative: Is our life anything but a walking shadow?

Or  What is our life but a walking shadow?

Assertive:  He gave me nothing but love.

Interrogative: Did he give me anything but love?

Or What did he give me but love?

Assertive: Ramen wants nothing but a government job.

Interrogative: What does Ramen want but a government job?

  •  Every + noun ———— Is there any + noun + who + negative

If we find “Every + noun” in the assertive sentence, we will write “Is there any + noun + who+ negative” at the time of the interrogative sentence.

FOR EXAMPLE:

Assertive: Every man wishes to be happy.

Interrogative: Is there any man who does not wish to be happy?

Assertive: Every mother loves her child.

Interrogative: Is there any mother who does not love her child?

Assertive: Every man wishes to be powerful.

Interrogative: Is there any man who does not wish to be powerful?

  •  Someone/ somebody/ everybody/ everyone/ no one/ nobody/ anybody/ anyone ————– who (Affirmative–Negative) (Negative–Affirmative)

If we find the words Someone/ somebody/ everybody/ everyone/ no one/ nobody/ anybody/ anyone in assertive sentence, we will write the word “Who” instead of those words [Someone/ somebody/ everybody/ everyone/ no one/ nobody/ anybody/ anyone] and make the affirmative sentence into negative and the negative into affirmative sentence at the time of interrogative sentence.

FOR EXAMPLE:

Assertive: Everybody loves her children.

Interrogative: Who does not love her children?

Assertive: Everybody has some needs.

Interrogative: Who has no needs?

Assertive: Nobody trusts a lair.

Interrogative: Who trusts a lair?

Assertive: No one can lie alone.

Interrogative: Who can live alone?

  •  Most of the time we should make the assertive (affirmative) sentences negative interrogative if we want to make interrogative.

FOR EXAMPLE:

Assertive: He reads in this college.

Interrogative: Does he not read in this college?

Assertive: The sun rises in the east.

Interrogative: Does not the sun rise in the east?

Assertive: It was a good idea.

Interrogative: Was it not a good idea?

SHORT CUT METHOD TO MEMORIZE THE RULES

Interchange of Assertive and Interrogative Sentences

             Assertive                           Interrogative

  • Never       ————————-  Ever
  • Nothing   ————————  Anything
  • Nothing but ——————–  Anything but/ what
  • Every + noun ———— Is there any + noun + who + negative
  • Someone/ somebody/ everybody/ everyone/ no one/ nobody/ anybody/ anyone ————– who (Affirmative–Negative) (Negative–Affirmative)
  • If the auxiliary or helping verb is not available.—-Using Do/Does/Did
  • Most of the time we should make the assertive (affirmative) sentence negative interrogative if we want to make interrogative.

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To read the transformation of sentences [ Affirmative to Negative], click here.

To read the transformation of sentences [ Imperative to Assertive ], click here.

Degree Change

Transformation of sentences [Simple, Complex and Compound]

Joining of Sentences

Interrogative sentence

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